Ambrosio Correa S. J.


(Aveiro, Portugal, 1606 – Angola 24.5.1652)


Ambrosio Correa nacque ad Aveiro, in Portugal, in 1606 and entered the Society of Jesus a Lisbon in 1622; arrived in India in 1630.

In 1635, after the death of de Andrade (1580-1634), participated in the ill-fated expedition that Goa he went to Tsaparang, capital of the former kingdom of Guge (Tibet occidentale). In that expedition, guidata da Nuño Coresma [1] and composed of seven missionaries, two fathers died on the way, two other (Balthasar Caldeira[2] and Pietro Freytas[3]) and a layman (Fratello Faustino Barreiros[4]) became seriously ill and were forced to stop Srinagar, capital of Garhwal. In July 1635 only father Correa came to Tsaparang, with the superior. The two found an untenable situation, and so father Coresma soon he sent back his traveling companion, bearer of a message in which he asked to close the mission. He did not even have time to receive the response and early autumn of that same 1635, was forced to abandon the mission, Incamminandosi on the way back along with Manoel Brands,[5] last missionary in the mission was founded by de Andrade.

After the mission to Tsaparang, where he remained from July to September 1635, was committed to Goa until 1650.

[1] Nuño Coresma, born in 1600 (probably in the village San Roman, the district Spanish Tordesillas) entered into sixteen C. d. G. e andò in India in 1625. After the mission to Tsaparang, in Tibet occidentale (July to October 1635), directed a college Salsette island. He died in October 1650 off the coast of Mozambique (probably on his way Goa after a stay Europe.

[2] Balthasar Caldeira (Macao 1609 – Goa 3.5.1678) entered the C. d. G. a Goa in 1627 and spent three years in the mission of the Mughal Empire; then worked in the Tonkin, in China, Japan and other countries, before returning to India, where he had many assignments.

[3] Pietro Freytas (Mondim, Portugal, 1608 – Goa 3.5.1840) entered the C. d. G. a Goa in 1630 and, always Goa was professor of theology.

[4] Barreiros (Lisbon 1605 – Bassein 8.3.1866) became a lay brother of the C. d. G. a Lisbon when was ventenne; is to Goa in 1633 and, returning from Srinagar the Garhwal, passò a Bassein, where he was engaged for most of his life.

[5] Manoel Brands, born in 1596 and entered into the Society of Jesus in 1618. He was the traveling companion of António de Andrade in Tibet (Tsaparang, capital of the kingdom of Guge), first crossing of the Himalayas Europeanisation of the di, remaining there from August to September 1624, and returning there several times. Fu in Tibet: from April to the end of 1626, after having conducted the fathers João de Olive tree, Francisco Godinho and the Mastiff Angels (Alain de la Beauchaire); September to November 1627, after leading the father António Pear; at various times following, guiding, among others, Father Francisco de Azevedo, in 1627, lead up to the father Nuño Coresma, driving the ill-fated expedition reached Tsaparang in July 1635, In the autumn of the same year he was forced to abandon the mission. L’epilogo fu, to Brands, even more tragic. In the last attempt to restore the mission of Tibet, under pressure from the General Company, accompanied by three fathers Agra a Srinagar in Garhwal, e da lì partì, in the summer of 1640, with the Father Stanislao Malpichi, top of that mission. They were arrested just entered Tibet; escaped, but Brands was resumed, and in 1641 is still a prisoner in Tsaparang, after which if they lose track.

[Scheda redatta il 20.3.2009 Enzo G is. Bargiacchi]

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