Fausto Flitch


(Florence 1.12.1831 - There 27.10 1914) Semitism.

Descended from a noble family in Treviso, son of the engraver John Paul and Henrietta Spedolo, Fausto Lasinio was born in Florence and began his studies in the Cicognini College of Prato and then in the Pious Schools Florence. His decisive training took place in a private school in Florence (1847-1855), under the guidance of a scholar jew Angelo Paggi, where he learned Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac, avviandosi to the study of Arabic. To complete the training he studied Sanskrit and the Coptic with Joseph Bardelli (Castle Brancialino, Pieve Santo Stefano, Arezzo, 1815 - Castle of Vitiano, Arezzo, 2.10.1865) and taught himself German, required to follow the most modern linguistic studies in great development in Europe.

Employed from 1852 to the 1855 at Laurentian Library of Florence, he could devote himself to oriental manuscripts and soon become an expert. Important especially his studies on Comment medium of Averroes to Rhetoric, to Poetics, to Logic and Topica of Aristotle. In 1872 came, due in party, The comment to the average of Averroes 'Poetics' of Aristotle for the first time published in Arabic and in Hebrew and traveled to Italian Fausto Lasinio (The First: The Arabic text with notes and appendix, Pisa, 1872; Part Two: The Hebrew version of Todros Todrosi with notes, in "Annals of the University Toscane", Science noological, 13, Pisa, 1872).

Teacher greek and Hebrew in 'University of Siena (1858-1859), in December 1859 passò all’Institute of Higher Studies Florence (cattedra di lingue indo-germaniche), and obtained, in 1862, la cattedra di lingue semitiche, the first in Italy, to 'University of Pisa; in this city also taught linguistics to Scuola Normale . In 1873 returned to 'Institute of Higher Studies Florence as professor of Semitic languages ​​of Hebrew and Comparative (the latter replaced in 1875 from Arabic). Among his students Hebrew scholar David Leone Castles (Livorno 30.12.1836 – Florence 1901).

Lasinio played a significant activity for the development of Oriental studies in Italy. In 1871 formed in Florence the Italian Society for Oriental Studies, first organization in the industry Italy. Insieme a Lasinio, vice-president, there were: the etruscologist and Assyriologist Happy Finzi (Correggio, Reggio Emilia, 1840 – Florence 1872), sinologist Carlo Puini (Livorno 29.5.1839 – Florence 4.6.1924), The Arabist Celestino Schiaparelli (Savigliano, Cuneo, 1841 - Rome 1919), il sanscritista e linguista Emilio Teza (Venice 1831 – Padua 1912); the presidency was dell'arabista and Senator Michele Amari (Palermo, 7 July 1806Florence, 16 July 1889).

The Academy Eastern, established by Angelo De Gubernatis (Turin 7.4.1840 – Rome 26.2.1913), at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Florence (section of philosophy and philology), saw it on the board; was also a member of the editorial board of the "Bulletin of the Italian Consider Eastern", founded and directed by De Gubernatis. Always actively collaborated with the latter is the Fourth International Congress of Orientalists (Florence, September 1878), that the foundation of the Italian Asiatic Society (1886), of which he was vice-president and, from 1891 to death, the president and editor of the "Journal of the Asiatic Society Italian". He was also vice president of the organizing committee of the XII International Congress of Orientalists (Rome, October 1899).

In addition to various writings worthy of interest, some of which are dedicated to the influence of the East on the Italian lexical, oversaw the cataloging of Italian manuscripts in Italian libraries and played a major role in 'Accademia della Crusca (secretary from 1890 a 1897).

There are two important 'Fund Lasinio', one at the Vatican Apostolic Library and one at the Library of the Faculty of Humanities University of Florence (Fund Fausto Lasinio).

Other materials are contained in Florence in Bottom of the Asiatic Society Italian, and to Rome in 'Central State Archive .

Carteggi still Florence (Tuscan Academy of Science and Letters 'The Colombaria': letters to Domenico Comparetti; National Central Library: easier access Angelo De Gubernatis), Palermo (Central Library of the Sicilian Region: Letters to Michael Amari), Rome (Library of the National Academy of the Lincei: letters to Graziadio Isaia Ascoli), Venice (Biblioteca Marciana: letters to Emilio Teza).


[Safety data sheet by Enzo G. Bargiacchi in January 2009]

 

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