Francisco de Azevedo S. J.Francisco de Azevedo S. J.

(Lisbon 1578 – Goa 12.8.1660)

Francisco de Azevedo, nato a Lisbon in 1578, Goa 12.8.1860) spent most of his life in India, as it had gone as a child; in 1597, a Goa, entered the Society of Jesus.

Fu impegnato the Says (1614) and Rachol (1620), Visitatore di Missions in Africa sud-orientale, and, in 1627 venne assegnato alla missione dell 'Mughal Empire.

Dopo l'invasione del regno di Guge by the Ladakh (1630), invasion, is the name istigata, perhaps favored by its blade to which the king was opposed, António de Andrade (1580-1634), Provinciale di Goa gli Affido l'Incarico del di Visitatore Tibet.

Informed about the latest events by Manoel Brands (1596-dopo il 1641), just come to Agra to provide for the necessary supplies to the mission, guidato dal and veteran, smart frequentatore di chee Sentieri, the Parti de Azevedo Agra the 28 June 1631, reached Srinagar, capital of Garhwal, from where the 31 July he walked toward Tsaparang, giungendovi il 25 August 1631.

The city was ruled by a governor appointed by the king of Ladakh, returned to Leh taking, as a prisoner, the old king of Guge, and the climate was evident hostility toward the mission. This prompted the visitor to a bold move: go directly to deal with the king in the capital of Ladakh. Così, the 4 October 1631, he set out Leh, in the company of João de Olive tree, through lands not yet visited by Europeans. Raggiunta, the 25 October 1631, the capital of Ladakh, the two missionaries remained there until 7 November 1631, when, served their purpose, avendo ottenuto il permesso per la prosecuzione della missione, the 7 November 1631, left Leh.

Il rientro avvenne per una via diverse, through Lahul and Kulu (arrival in Nagar, capitale di Kulu, the 26 November 1631), which led them to Agra the 3 January 1632.

De Azevedo, dead Goa the 12 August 1660, left an important relationship in Portuguese on his journey, an autograph manuscript, I give him firmato, that leads the recipient (Padre Antonio Freyre, mission procurator of 'India in Portugal) as a header: Pera Father Antonio Freire, Prosecutor of the Provinces of India's Comp. of Jesus in Portugal; Conservatory in ARSI (Goa 73, ff. 71-92, front and back), with the title Travel and Thibet mission in the P. Francesco de Azevedo, is divided into two parts: of Goa to Agra (pp. 1-18) and Agra a Leh and return (pp. 19-44). This important document has been ignored for centuries, until its discovery and publication by Cornelis Wessels fondamentale nel suo libro del Tibet sui primi visitatori: C. Wessels, Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia. 1603-1721, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1924, pp. XVI + 344. De Azevedo is treated on pp.. 94-119, and the second part of his report is given in the original Portuguese pp.. 281-313 (Appendix I), with the title Azevedo’s Account of his Journey to Tibet. Second part (Agra pear Tibet). La di relazione Azevedo fu poi pubblicata traduzione in Italian (non-integral) in Tuscan 1951, pp. 223-255, and in Tuscan 1977, pp. 356-399; e in traduzione francese, D'Agra au Tibet, Didier 1996, pp. 141-209, Récit Francisco de Azevedo (1631).

De Azevedo è il primo Visitatore europeo di accertato Leh, although it seems that a Portuguese merchant, Diogo d'Almeida, had stayed there for two years in the early seventeenth century. Ignoring the journey of Portuguese missionaries and neglecting the transition, in 1715, the Italian Jesuit Ippolito Desideri (1684-1733), in the company of his confrere Portuguese Manoel Freyre (1679- ?), the great British explorer William Moorcroft (1767-1825), which was in Ladakh between 1820 and the 1822, it was considered the first European visitor to Leh.


[Scheda redatta il 18.3.2009 Enzo G is. Bargiacchi]

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