Nuño Coresma S. J.

(1600-1650), missionario gesuita spagnolo


Nuño Coresma, was born in 1600, probably in the village San Roman, the district Spanish Tordesillas; entered into sixteen Society of Jesus e andò in India nel 1625.

In 1635, after the death of de Andrade (1580-1634), fu inviato da Goa, to the mission established in the former kingdom of Guge (Tibet occidentale), alla guida di un gruppo di sette missionari; an ill-fated expedition in which two fathers died on the way, two other (Balthasar Caldeira[1] and Pietro Freytas[2]) and a layman (Fratello Faustino Barreiros[3]) became seriously ill and were forced to stop Srinagar, capital of Garhwal. Coresma arrivò nel luglio 1635, con il solo padre Ambrosio Correa,[4] a Tsaparang, where he found an untenable situation, and so he sent soon back his traveling companion, Belt, bearer of a message in which he asked to close the mission. He did not even have time to receive the response and early autumn of that same 1635, was forced to abandon the mission, incamminandosi sulla via del ritorno insieme al veterano Manoel Brands,[5] last missionary in the mission was founded by de Andrade.

After the mission to Tsaparang, nel Tibet occidentale (July to October 1635), directed a college Salsette island. He died in October 1650 presso le coste del Mozambique (probably on his way Goa after a stay Europe.

[1] Balthasar Caldeira (Macao 1609 – Goa 3.5.1678) entered the C. d. G. a Goa in 1627 and spent three years in the mission of the Mughal Empire; then worked in the Tonkin, in China, Japan and other countries, before returning to India, where he had many assignments.

[2] Pietro Freytas (Mondim, Portugal, 1608 – Goa 3.5.1840) entered the C. d. G. a Goa in 1630 and, always Goa was professor of theology.

[3] Barreiros (Lisbon 1605 – Bassein 8.3.1866) became a lay brother of the C. d. G. a Lisbon when was ventenne; is to Goa in 1633 and, returning from Srinagar in Garhwal, passò a Bassein, where he was engaged for most of his life.

[4] Ambrosio Correa (Aveiro, Portugal, 1606 – Angola 24.5.1652) entered the C. d. G. a Lisbon in 1622. In India from 1630, after the mission Tsaparang, where he remained from July to September 1635, was committed to Goa until 1650.

[5] Manoel Brands, born in 1596 and entered into the Society of Jesus in 1618. He was the traveling companion of António de Andrade in Tibet (Tsaparang, capital of the kingdom of Guge), first crossing of the Himalayas Europeanisation of the di, remaining there from August to September 1624, and returning there several times. Fu in Tibet: from April to the end of 1626, after having conducted the fathers João de Olive tree, Francisco Godinho and the Mastiff Angels (Alain de la Beauchaire); September to November 1627, after leading the father António Pear; at various times following, guiding, among others, Father Francisco de Azevedo, in 1627, fino a condurvi il padre Nuño Coresma, driving the ill-fated expedition reached Tsaparang in July 1635, In the autumn of the same year he was forced to abandon the mission. L’epilogo fu, per Marques, even more tragic. In the last attempt to restore the mission of the Tibet, under pressure from the General Company, accompanied by three fathers Agra a Srinagar in Garhwal, e da lì partì, in the summer of 1640, with the Father Stanislao Malpichi, top of that mission. They were arrested just entered Tibet; escaped, but Brands was resumed, and in 1641 is still a prisoner in Tsaparang, after which if they lose track.

[Scheda redatta il 20.3.2009 Enzo G is. Bargiacchi]

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