Gherardo Nerucci

(Pistoia 18.5.1828 – Montale, Pistoia, 30.12.1906)

letters, philologist, linguist, novelist and collector and scholar of culture and folk traditions. His father Ferdinand, customs officer, descended from a family of landowner Montale; his mother, Elizabeth Niccolini, was the nephew of the playwright Giovan Battista Niccolini (San Giuliano Terme, Pisa, 29.10.1782 – Florence 20.9.1861).

A Pistoia, in 1837, together with his brother Neruccio, was a pupil of Giuseppe Tigers (Pistoia 22.12.1806 – Pistoia 9.3.1882), and by 1844 studied law at Pisa, where his father carried out his assignment working. Inflamed by noble ideals of the Risorgimento liberals and, fought in the 1848 a Curtatone against the Austrians in the battalion of the University of Pisa (many years later he described the experience in Historical memories of the Battalion at the University Toscano War of Independence 1848, Giachetti, Prato) and, After graduating in law and a stay of several years Rome, moved to Florence from 1858; Here he abandoned the legal profession to devote himself to his writing (theater critic, storyteller and linguist). Entertained close and friendly relations with the distinguished philologist and scholar of Greek Domenico Comparetti (Rome 1835 – Florence 1927), known already in the Roman, with Semitist Fausto Lasinio (Florence 1831 – Florence 1914), with the literary historian Alessandro D'Ancona (Pisa 1835 – Florence1914), with the scholar and professor of aesthetics Vittorio Imbriani (Naples 1840 – Naples 1866; son of the politician and jurist Paolo Emilio Imbriani) and with the writer and anthropologist Joseph Pitre (Palermo 1841 – Palermo 1916); with all of them was linked to the common philological interest in folk traditions and cultural.

Abandoned teaching in 1873, the villa of Malcalo, at Montale, where he lived since 1862 (and where he remained until his death), became his good retreat, always more pronounced after the death in infancy of his two sons.

The noble patriotic commitment of Nerucci was always characterized by the rejection of narrow-mindedness and provincial business area (to report, in 1871, marriage with the London Fanny Carolina Chambers) and an active commitment to the general good (founded a "League for the instruction and education of the people"), always inspired by the ideals of universal brotherhood; from his archive, preserved in National Central Library of Florence, is the membership of the "Italian family" of the "Universal Freemasonry", lodge "Ferruccio, Or Rite of symbolic. of Pistoia ", pool of expertise "Valle d'Ombrone" (the 19.11.1877 will be declared "fr. Emeritus ": letter 20.11.1877, Archive Nerucci, N.A. 885, X, a. 1877, f. 63), with the stated principles of "Science, Freedom, Working, Brotherhood, Solidarity ".

The rigor with which it was inspired by the above principles, procured him many dislikes, such as the refusal of the chair of greek in high schools Florence and the removal from the chair occupied by 1861 to the 1867 at the Gymnasium Forteguerri of Pistoia; that, with 18 votes on 19, the City Council favored a stranger, or rather - as stated in a newspaper of the time - a "known only for its relations with the Conservative Party ' [Article published in "The Reformation" autumn 1887, is republished in Giacomo Bini, Gherardo Nerucci of Pistoia. Scholar and patriot, Brigade Leoncino (Personaggi pistoiesi del’700 e ’800), Pistoia, 1999, pp.32: 26; the handling of the case extends between the pp. 25 and 30].

Nerucci is the author of a Essay of a study on the vernaculars of Tuscany (1865) and the two collections, Sessanta short stories Montale (1880) and Cincelle da bambini (1881).

Si occupò attivamente di alcuni personage pistoiesi come in missionari Arcangelo Carradori e Ippolito Desideri, contribuendo preziosamente below loro e riscoperta valorizzazione. In particolare scoprì (1875) nella biblioteca di Filippo Rossi Cassigoli (Pistoia 23.8.1835 – Pistoia 18.5.1890) il della manoscritto Report of Ippolito Desideri (G. Nerucci, Around Father Ippolito desires from Pistoia dCdG., "The European Journal", a. VII, flight. III, fasc. II, 1July 1876, pp. 289-294), son studiato da Carlo Puini. Sull'argomento si veda E. G. Bargiacchi, The 'Report' of Ippolito Desideri between local history and international affairs, "Local History". Notebooks Pistoia of modern and contemporary culture (Edizione The Ori; Pistoia), (a. I), n. 2, December 2003, pp. 4-103: 15-27.

È ricordato anche per la Traduzione di opere del linguista e indian of tedesco, naturalizzato britannico, Max Müller (1823-1900), fra le quali Lectures on the Science of Language, 1861 (Lettura sopra la Scienza del Linguaggio. Dette four R. Istituto della Gran Bretagna nei mesi di Aprile, di Maggio e di Giugno dell'anno 1861, Daelli & Co., Milan, 1864), che erano state recensite da Domenico Comparetti you got "Rivista Italiana di Scienze, lettere ed arti”, n. 109, 20.10.1862, pp. 1772-1775.

Sun Gherardo Nerucci si vedano:

Giacomo Bini, Gherardo Nerucci of Pistoia. Scholar and patriot, Editions Brigade Leoncino (Characters Pistoia the '700 and '800, n. 7), Pistoia, 1999, pp. 32.

Vittorio Capponi, Bibliography Pistoia, Typography Rossetti, Pistoia, 1874, pp. XI + 352: 259-262.

Vittorio Capponi, Biography Pistoia or news of the life and works of the famous Pistoiesi sciences, in the letters, in the arts, for virtuous actions, for the sanctity of life and c. from the earliest times up to 'today, Typography Rossetti, Pistoia, 1878, pp. (2) + 471: 452-453.

Roberto Fedi, Introduction Gherardo Nerucci, Sessanta short stories Montale, by Roberto Fedi, Rizzoli (Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli), Milan, November 1977, pp. LXI + 530: V-LI.

Gherardo Nerucci literate, folklorist, patriot Tuscan culture in the nineteenth century. Proceedings of the Conference of studies. Montale, 13-14 October 2006, The Ori (Notebooks storialocale), Pistoia, 2008, pp. 160.

Gherardo Nerucci, Correspondence political-religious. Controversy of yore, by Giacomo Bini, The Ori, Pistoia, 2006, pp. 184.

Francis Red, Biographical Gherardo Nerucci, Tip. M. Rossetti, Fossano (Cuneo), 1902, pp. 24.

Laura Santanni, Gherardo Nerucci and Sixty Novelle Popular Montalesi, The Ori, Pistoia, 2006, pp. 167.


[Safety data sheet by Enzo G. Bargiacchi (review 6.4..2010)]

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