Giuseppe Tucci

(Macerata 5.6.1894 - San Polo dei Cavalieri, Rome 5.4.1984)

Giuseppe Tucci, one of the highest authorities of Orientalism of all time,was master of several generations of tibetologi internationally, scholar of Chinese philosophy and Indian and animator of many prestigious initiatives; led numerous scientific expeditions and fruitful archaeological digs in Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Especially in Nepal and Tibet. He was the founder, with John Kind, in 1933, the prestigious Italian Institute for the Middle and Far East (IsMEO, become IsIAO, Italian Institute for Africa and the East, in 1995, after the merger with the Istituto Italo-African). L’IsMEO, Tucci went out into the 1978 (from 1947 was its president) was inaugurated with a "Sermon on the bed in the Capitol 21 December 1933 [by Filippo De Filippi] after the inaugural words of Giovanni Gentile " (see F. De Filippi, The Italian travelers in Asia, IsMEO, Rome 1934).

Author of a huge amount of publications (both monographs and papers scattered on the most various periodicals) valuable from a scientific, but also often attractive literary charm, summarized his research on Tibet in two famous works:

Indo-tibetica, 4 fully. in 7 tomi, Royal Academy of Italy, Rome 1932-1941 (English translation 1988-1989; currently being translated into Chinese),

Tibetan Painted Scrolls, 2 fully. folio and a folder with 256 tavv., State Library, Rome 1949 (reprint in voll be., folio, Bangkok, 1999).

Easily accessible classical descriptions of his travels in the Himalayas, continually reprinted in economic volumes from Newton & Compton (brackets publisher and date of 1a edition): Tibet ignoto (Hoepli, Milan 1937, with the title Saints and brigands in Tibet unknown; French edition 1989), In Lhasa and beyond (State Library, Rome 1950; English edition, To Lhasa and Beyond, 1956), Amid the jungles and pagodas (State Library, Rome, 1953; English edition, Journey to Mustang 1952, 1977), Nepal. The discovery of the Malla (Leonardo da Vinci, Bari 1960), The Way of Swat (Leonardo da Vinci, Bari 1963).

Tucci promoted the publication of the works of Ippolito Desideri (Italian ones for the treatment of Luciano Petech and those in the Tibetan language and the translation for the care of his father Giuseppe Xaverian Tuscan), which was a great admirer, beginning to deal with the 1933, when in his article (My last shipment sull'Imalaya, “New Anthology”, a. 68°, fasc. 1460, 16.1.1933, pp. 245-258, referred to the "great Italian which of Tibet and de 'her costumes left a wonderful description» (p. 246).

Here some of the many references to the work of Tucci Wish. "On all the works and Italian and foreign relations stands for safety and depth of judgment to Wish [to whom we owe] the first rise of Tibetan studies » (G. Tucci, Italy and the exploration of Tibet, "Asian", n. 6, November to December 1938, pp. 435-446: 444). "No one knew how he buy a better knowledge of the country, its language and its customs " (G. Tucci, Tibet and Italian, "The Book Italian in the world", a. I, n. 3, March 1940, pp. 24-26: 25). "But the trip you like to have wider interest of the geographical […] no one knew how he read the arcane of their faith, follow the winding streets of thought,…» (G. Tucci, Catholic missions and Tibet, in Catholic missions, and the culture of the, IsMEO, Rome 1943, pp. 215-231: 224-225). "The work of Wish it was ahead of its time: the secrets of the speculations of Buddhism of the Great Vehicle, which began to be revealed Oriental erudition of the last years of the last century, are already clear in the architecture school of its logical relation " (G. Tucci, Italy and East, Garzanti, 1949, p. 204). Wish it was that of "a wonderful meeting, occurred on the roof of the world of dogmatic Buddhist and S. Thomas Aquinas» (G. Tucci, Exploration of Tibet, in Days of Creation, And. Radio Italiana, Turin 1950, pp. 115-123: 119). "Mirabile meeting on the Roof of the World San Tommaso and Tsongkha-pa» (G. Tucci, Tibet Snow Country, De Agostini Geographical Institute, Novara 1967 [also French and English editions], p. 67).

A bibliography ampia the writings of Tucci is published in: Raniero Gnoli, Memory of Giuseppe Tucci, IsMEO, Rome 1985.

On Tucci see also:
– Giorgio Renato Francs (and.), Contributions to the history of Orientalism, CLUEB (Studies and Oriental texts. Series directed by Giorgio Renato Franci, 1), Bologna, 1985, pp. 375. The reference is in particular to two essays of the same GR. Francs: For Giuseppe Tucci (pp. 11-23), and A gnostic heretic [Edward Conze] (pp. 229-237);
- Giuseppe Tucci, Institute Marches Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts, Ancon, 1985, pp. 126;
- Corrado Think, The West and the Eastern religions from the perspective of Giuseppe Tucci, “Paramita”. Papers Buddhism (quarterly; Rome), a. IV, n. 16, October to December 1985, pp. 19-25;
- Raniero Gnoli, voice 'Tucci' in Mircea Eliade (edited by), The Encyclopedia of Religion, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1987 (16 fully.): Flight. XV, pp. 78-80;
- Luciano Petech, Ippolito Desideri, Alexander Csoma the Körös, Giuseppe Tucci, “Acta Orientalia” (Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae; redigit F. Tökei; Academic Publishing, Budapest), Tomus XLIII, Fasciculi 2-3, 1989, pp. 155-161 [The issue of "Acta Orientalia" contains Inner Asian Buddhist and Tibetan Studies (Papers read at the Bicentenary Csoma the Körös Symposium, Visegrad 1984, Edited by G. Bethlenfalvy, A. Entity, G. Land, A. Sarkozy), Part. one].
- Bhikkhu Ñānajīvako, The Technicalisation of Buddhism. Fascism and Buddhism in Italy. Giuseppe Tucci - Julius Evola, “Buddhist Studies Review”. Journal of the UK Association for Buddhist Studies, Flight. 6, 1989, pp. 27-38 (n. 1) and 102-115 (n. 2); Flight. 7, 1990, pp.3-17 (n. 1-2);
- Benjamin Melasecchi (by), Giuseppe Tucci. In the centenary of his birth. Rome 7-8 June 1994, IsMEO, Rome 1995;
Gustavo Benavides, Giuseppe Tucci, or Buddhology in the Age of Fascism, in Lopez Jr. D. S. (edited by), Curators of the Buddha. The Study of Buddhism under Colonialism, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago-London, 1995, pp. 298: 161-196;
- Lena Vincenzina, Giuseppe Tucci. The most distinguished scholar of oriental cultures, “Occidente buddhista”, a. I, n. 2, April 1996, pp. 48-55;
- B. N. Mukherjee, Giuseppe Tucci: A Centenary Obit, in Pranabananda Jash (edited by), Perspective of Buddhist Studies: Giuseppe Tucci Birth Centenary Volume, Guy (Indo-Tibetan Studies Series II), New Delhi, 2002, pp. XII 227: 10-17;
- Hans Thomas Hakl, Giuseppe Tucci between Eastern Studies, esotericism and fascism (1894-1984), "Archaeus". Studies in the History of Religions (half-yearly; Bucharest), a. X, fasc. 1-2, 2006, pp. 231-250;
- Tucci explorer of the soul / Tucci the explorer of the soul, Province of MacerataMunicipality of MacerataNomade Art, 2006, pp. 202 (pp. 59-187: photographic reproductions);

– Enzo Gualtiero Bargiacchi, In Central Asia after De Filippi: Giuseppe Tucci, in Laura Cassi (by), The “Abode of Snow” and papers found. De Filippi Filippi and Italian scientific expeditions in Central Asia (1909 and 1913-14). Proceedings of the Conference – Florence 13-14 March 2008, Society for Geographical Studies (“Geographical Memoirs” – Published as a supplement to “Italian Geographic magazine” – New set # 8, year 2009), Florence, 2009, pp. 420: 159-180.

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